Search Results for 'tweel'

Product Report: Michelin X Tweel Airless Radial — Pneumatic vs. Deformable, Non-Pneumatic Tires


Michelin Tweel Technologies Expands Line Up Of Skid Steer Airless Radials

MICHELIN® X® TWEEL® SSL now available for hard surface and all terrain applications

578683f6-94af-440b-a480-6ccddeb647ce.HRMichelin announced today it will expand the market footprint for its airless skid steer tires with the launch of two new versions of the award-winning MICHELIN® X® TWEEL® SSL airless radial tire: a 12N16.5 X® TWEEL® SSL All Terrain for a wide range of surfaces and a12N16.5 X® TWEEL® SSL Hard Surface for pavement use.

Two years ago, MICHELIN Tweel Technologies introduced the first commercially available airless radial tires for skid steer loaders. This revolutionary tire offered a solution to the seemingly unavoidable challenge of chronic flat tires that plague the millions of skid steer loaders relied upon by many commercial operations.

The new All Terrain, which is designed for more rugged off-road working conditions, will be a viable option for such industries as construction and landscaping, and the new Hard Surface tire, which provides more longevity on pavement and asphalt, presents an option for very high-use operations.

The development of Michelin’s Tweel technology is significant, since skid steer loaders equipped with traditional pneumatic tires, experience at least two or more flat tires per month. Desperate to find a solution to reduce flat-tire downtime, many users resort to using foam-filled, solid tires or other alternatives that result in diminished traction, handling and ride comfort. The 12N16.5 X TWEEL SSL provides the advantages of no air pressure maintenance, easy mounting, damage resistance, increased operator comfort, reduced operator fatigue, improved productivity and longer wear life than pneumatic tires.

“Our newest versions of the 12N16.5 X TWEEL SSL provide the benefits associated with pneumatic tires, but they don’t go flat. This is a breakthrough innovation for skid steers in the landscape, construction, contracting, refuse/recycling and agricultural industries,” said Ralph Dimenna, head of Michelin Tweel Technologies. “I urge everyone to stay tuned. This is just the beginning of exciting things to come.”

The MICHELIN X TWEEL SSL is now available in two different tread designs, the All Terrain design with a deep, open tread for off-road applications and the Hard Surface design which has greater wear life on pavement and asphalt. In line with Michelin’s commitment to lessen the impact on the environment, both MICHELIN 12N16.5 X TWEEL SSL fitments are equipped with advancements that help save resources. The spokes are specially designed to enhance the tires’ durability and endurance. In addition, the tires have a deep underlying tread layer that allows the core outside tread to be retreaded numerous times, helping reduce the overall cost of ownership.

7d2aeab7-417d-492f-9874-cb3cae6d3be7.HR Continue reading ‘Michelin Tweel Technologies Expands Line Up Of Skid Steer Airless Radials’

MICHELIN® X® TWEEL® SSL recognized in Product Leadership category; awards celebrate 10 Years of Shaping the Future of Global Manufacturing

aboutImage-7Michelin North America, Inc. has received a Manufacturing Leadership Award in the Product Leadership category at the 2014 Manufacturing Leadership Awards for the MICHELIN® X® TWEEL® SSL.

Frost & Sullivan’s Manufacturing Leadership Council honored world-class manufacturing companies and individual leaders last evening at a gala celebration that followed the tenth annual Manufacturing Leadership Summit at the Breakers Resort in Palm Beach, Fla.

The awards, which were determined by a panel of 14 judges and presented in 11 categories, celebrate companies and individuals that are shaping the future of global manufacturing.  They recognize outstanding projects undertaken and completed by manufacturing companies.  According to the Manufacturing Leadership Community, the award winners distinguish themselves by “embracing breakthrough innovation and respond to customers with unmatched agility.”

The Product Leadership award, one of the most competitive categories, recognizes companies that have introduced disruptive new products that expand or open new markets. The award winner demonstrates the ability to generate new ideas that lead to pioneering new products that change and create markets.

“Michelin is honored to be recognized by this esteemed organization for moving forward with this innovative technology,” said Tim Fulton, head of Michelin Tweel Technologies. “Awards of this magnitude encourage Michelin to continue translating the concept to other mobility applications and segments.”

X Tweel SSLCommercially launched in October 2012, the MICHELIN® Tweel airless radial tire is currently being sold in the marketplace for use on skid vehicles used in the construction, landscaping, contracting, refuse/recycling and agricultural industries.  This non-pneumatic tire uses traditional radial tire technology but requires no air, thereby eliminating the risk of a “flat tire.”

More on Tweel:


Mail AttachmentMichelin TWEEL Recognized in Transportation Category; Awards Celebrate 26 Years of Honoring Innovators and Innovation

Michelin North America, Inc. has received the Silver Award in the Transportation category at the 2013 Edison Awards™ for the MICHELIN® X-TWEEL™ SSL.  The award was presented during the internationally renowned Edison Awards ceremony held at Chicago’s Navy Pier.

The awards, which were presented in 12 categories, symbolize the persistence and excellence personified by Thomas Alva Edison.  Celebrating 26 years of honoring the best in innovation and excellence in the development of new products and services, hundreds of senior executives joined some of the world’s most recognized companies to acknowledge the hard work and commitment of all 2013 Edison Award winners.

“Michelin is extremely honored to have been recognized with such an important group of recipients,” said Tim Fulton, head of Michelin Tweel Technologies. “We continue to be surprised and encouraged at the extent to which the innovation is generating excitement across many vehicle segments; the receptivity has been very strong and positive.X-Tweel_Studio

The TWEEL is Michelin’s highly advanced airless radial tire that is currently being sold in the marketplace for use on skid vehicles used in the construction, landscaping, contracting, refuse/recycling and agricultural industries.  This non-pneumatic tire uses traditional radial tire technology but requires no air, thereby eliminating the risk of a “flat tire”.

Read ACP/Site-K Construction Zone article on Tweel click here

About the Edison Awards™

The Edison Awards is a program conducted by Edison Universe, a non-profit, 501(c)(3) organization dedicated to fostering future innovators. The Awards have been recognizing and honoring the best in innovations and innovators since 1987. They honor game-changing innovations that are at the forefront of new product and service development, marketing and human-centered design, and are one of the highest accolades a company can receive in the name of successful innovation. For more information about the Edison Awards, Edison Universe and a list of winners, visit

About Michelin

Dedicated to the improvement of sustainable mobility, Michelin designs, manufactures and sells tires for every type of vehicle, including airplanes, automobiles, bicycles, earthmovers, farm equipment, heavy-duty trucks and motorcycles. The company also publishes travel guides, hotel and restaurant guides, maps and road atlases. Headquartered in Greenville, S.C., Michelin North America, Inc. ( employs more than 22,000 and operates 18 major manufacturing plants in 16 locations in the U.S., Canada and Mexico.  To learn more about the MICHELIN Skid Steer TWEEL, visit


Michelin’s Revolutionary Tweel Rolls Out For Skid Steer Applications

By Greg Sitek

 X-Tweel_StudioA major technical development, by Michelin, takes the air out of tires, improves safety, wear, traction and does it without maintenance…

What’s a Tweel? That was exactly what I said the first time I encountered a video of a car riding on Tweels around 6 years ago. I did a double take and watched the video for a second and third time. I don’t know if this is the same one but it’s close enough. If you’d like to see what I saw,
After watching the video I had to contact Michelin and find out when it would be coming out and when could I see it and when could I get pictures. You get the picture. I wanted to see the Tweel. I literally bugged the Michelin marketing and PR people and finally, at a recent trade show they said it would be out late 2012.

To answer the question, the Tweel is a revolutionary new tire design developed by Michelin. It is airless and has no sidewalls so it can’t go flat or have a blowout. The Tweel’s hub connects to flexible polyurethane spokes that are used to support an outer rim and assume the shock-absorbing role of a traditional tire’s pneumatic properties.

Tires have always played a major roll (pun intended) in our world of motion. Everything that moves, moves on wheels and for the most part they are tired wheels. In construction they can put serious dent in the bottom line because of the costs involves. Tires demand maintenance but Tweels don’t. Tires on a skid steer loader wear quickly because of the machine’s skid-steer design so Michelin’s using the skid steer loader for the first commercially available Tweels will prove the validity of the design – how about three to five times the wear life?

Mary Ann Kotlarich, commercial public relations director, Michelin North America arranged for me to talk to Tim Fulton, vice president, Tweel Technologies and

Jack Olney, key account manager/business segment manager, Tweel Technologies about the Tweel, its development and Michelin’s plans for its future. We started our discussion by taking a quick trip to .

Fulton says, “Tweel is a single simple bolt-on assembly that replaces the traditional tire-wheel assembly, which includes the tire, rim, wheel valve stem and anything that needs to be included in that assembly. Tweel has all the advantages of an air-filled tire without having air in it.”

In explaining how the design concept came into existence Fulton notes, “ Our engineers were asked to identify the characteristics that made the air-filled tire the dominant technology on the planet and they came back with four things. One of them is low contact pressure, which makes tough soil mobility road paving possible. The next thing is low vertical stiffness, which reduces the shock to the machine and the operator. Third low rolling resistance over rough surfaces. Solid tires or wagon wheels, for example, loose all their energy on the backside of the obstacle and have to rely on the engine to overcome the resistance. An air filled tire absorbs the energy and gives it back on the other side. The other thing is that an air filled tire has minimal or low mass for the load that it carries.

“ Air filled tires have been the dominant technology for well over a 100 years. Radial ply tires have been the emerging technology taking the place of bias ply tires for the last 65 years.

“At the same time they were asked to define the characteristics of an air-filled tire that made it the dominate technology they were asked to design something that had the same characteristics without air. What they came up with is the Tweel that we have today.”

Fulton defines the developmental timeline, “they started with prototypes in the late 90s; patents began to be issued on various aspects of it in 1999, 2000 and 2003 and in 2005 the invention reached maturity and it was publicized around the world, on the cover of Time Magazine and at the various auto shows. The company was ready to introduce the skid steer models but, as you know, the world economy collapsed. At that time the company didn’t feel it was in the position to make the commitment that was required to launch a totally new technology into a very large and mature tire industry.”

Olney and Fulton point out the fact that in 1946 Michelin introduced the radial tire and that it is still an emerging technology. For years cars were not design-optimized to take advantage, the radial advantage. Construction equipment was even less optimized for the radial advantage. The change required a massive investment on the part of tire manufacturers as well as the vehicle manufacturers.

The Tweel, like the radial tire, offers manufactures the opportunity to redesign to optimize the contact with the ground. “If you look at your car,” Fulton explains, “there are four patches, the size of your palm, that make contact with the ground. It’s those four patches that make your car a useful device. Without those four patches it would be pretty useless. Those four patches are connected through a vey complex system the suspension the braking, steering dynamics can all be re-engineered with different degrees of freedom with Tweel technology.”

Q. Does Tweel technology give you a bigger on the ground footprint than radial or bias-ply technology?

A. Fulton responds,” Tweel technology gives us the ability to optimize that contact patch beyond what we’re able to do with Radial technology. That’s one of the things we see in the skid steer application. We’re able to give a very nice contact patch on the ground that delivers a level of performance that’s magical for the operator; it give them the precision, the ride comfort that’s beyond what they can get with another product.”

Fulton adds, “The Tweel is designed to operate as if it had air in it, so the contact pressure and ride would feel just like you had air in the tire. You have a similar ride comfort where as the improvement is in the stability of the machine. Air in a tire, especially under the torque experienced in skid steer, has a propensity to create torque and give the energy back and the air-filled tires will hop around a little bit.”

Continuing Fulton says, “with the air-filled tire when you put torque on it the air builds up energy on the tire that is experiencing the most torque transfer that energy want to be retuned to the other side of the machine. An air-filled tire is just like a balloon in that it wants to give the energy right back once compressed.  With Tweel technology it uses the

Polyurethane spokes to absorb the energy and then give it back in a very different way, which allows the machine to be stable. It can turn where it sits without hopping; the stability improvers the operator’s productivity.

Q. How does wear on the Tweel compare to a bias-ply tire and a radial tire?

A. “Against a bias-ply tire,” Fulton responds, “ it’s two to three times the wear because of the optimized footprint.  There is a lot of squirm connected with bias-ply construction with a lot of movement in the contact patch and as a result of the movement you have wear that you didn’t need. We try to eliminate that moment and we do some of that with radial technology and we do it in an optimal way with Tweel technology with the wear begin as low as it can be for that 30 seconds of turning so the wear is much less than it is with a bias-ply tier.”

Back to the invention of the Tweel

Bearing in mind the four characteristics that make air-filled tires the dominant technology the Michelin engineers came up with a tire that mimics these four characteristics without air and with out having the inherent risks associated with either or high low air pressure or rapid air loss. “You don’t have instantaneous failure mode with a Tweel that you would have with a tire that low on air an all of sudden quits and is done,” Fulton elaborates. “With a Tweel damage will be progressive and not spontaneous, no blowouts or sidewall failures.”

The Twell’s construction starts with what is called a “shear band” which is a series of rubber and steel layers with the rubber being laid at a 90-degree angle in the direction of the Tweel’s rotation (See cutaway illustration). Fulton explains, “there’s a protector ply, a layer of steel, another layer of rubber, another layer of steel; these work very much like an I-beam with two pieces of parallel steel having a third piece welded in between, which gives it its strength. The shear band works very much the same way. Basically what we’ve done is replaced the welded steel in the center of the I-beam with rubber. It’s the layering of the steel and rubber that gives it its strength and creates our shear band or beam, the outer ring on which we place a tread, which is very much like the tread on our skid steer loader tires (30.5/32 tread rubber)

tweelCutaway“During the manufacturing process we integrate the hub assembly, which is a standard universal 8-hole heavy-gauge steel hub and integrate that with the polyurethane spokes. When we’re done we have one-piece that can be delivered to the jobsite, dealer or customer where it can simply be bolted onto the machine. It doesn’t require any filling, balancing, valves or anything like that.”

The polyurethane spokes are replicating the characteristics of a suspension bridge. Fulton continues to explain, “as you’re rotating the skid steer Twee through its cycle the polyurethane spokes allow it to disburse the forces all the way around the tire radially much the same way air does in an air-filled tire. The engineers who designed the tire say you implicate the entire structure via the use of the connecting polyurethane members.”

Fulton describes the polyurethane spokes, “This is not the same kind of polyurethane you normally see, it’s structural polyurethane. When you look at these you’ll notice that there are very many of them. This is by design. They’re very strong, they don’t break easily, and well actually they don’t break at all. They last the life of the Tweel. In fact we have tried to damage and destroy them even by throwing a hand grenade under them, which we did for the military and still didn’t destroy them. You can damage quite a few spokes before you impact the function of the Tweel. There is a lot of redundancy designed into them.”

To see just how functional the Tweel is take a few seconds and watch the video:

Onley points out, “Some people look at the Tweel and think of the solid tires that have apertures through them that are just holes. The important difference between the Tweel and other tires that don’t have air in them is every one of those carries the load from the hub to the contact patch and are called bottom loaders. As a result, they get very high contact pressure, which results in poor traction and not a very good footprint.

“What the Tweel does is act like a bicycle tire or radial tire in that it’s pulling the spokes downward and from the outside of the structure to implicate the shear band, which is a semi-rigid product. It pulls on all of those and hangs the load from the top and creates a large footprint. It’s a top loader just like an air-filled tire. The hub wants to send the load to the ground with a load on it but the polyurethane spokes when put under tension don’t allow that to happen. At the same time they put a spring force around the outside of the shear band, which deforms the shear band slightly and creates our footprint, which ends up being a very low contact pressure footprint providing good traction and mobility.”

Skid steer market

X-Tweel_on_Skid_Steer“Skid steer manufacturers equip the machine with air-filled tires and when they reach the jobsite operators start experiencing flats and costly downtime,” Olney says. “So many users have gone out and replaced their air-filled tiers with tracks, solid tires or have foam-filled them. In each instance they’ve taken the suspension off the machine completely, they’ve reduced their contact pressure and the efficiency of their machine, and put a lot more weight on the end of that wheel assembly than needs to go there.

“If you look at the list of options available for skid steers,” Olney notes, “it’s obvious that skid steer users are looking for a solution so they don’t have to cope with the downtime. We think the value proposition for the customer is that they can arrive at the job and not have to worry about downtime or be concerned about having tire problems.”

The customer value proposition with the Tweel is obvious in that the user no longer has to be concerned about downtime due to a loss of tire pressure or other tire related problems. The other fact is that because of the footprint it is very good on wear compared to a bias ply tire and foam-filled or solid tires. From san operator standpoint, safety is improved, as is productivity.

Michelin ride and drive demonstrations confirmed the validity of the Tweel concept. End-users, after seeing and the differences between the machines on semi-solid tires vs. the Tweel weren’t interested in operating the semi-sold equipped skid steers.  The bottom line is that once the Tweel in installed it requires no maintenance. None. No pressure checks. No sidewall inspections. No balancing. No valve problems. A better ride that is safer. Control that is more positive. Improved wear life. Improved saferty.

Michelin is now distributing the MICHELIN® X-TWEEL™ SSL,  a non-pneumatic mobility solution for skid steer loaders in the landscaping, construction, contracting, refuse/recycling and agricultural industries.

The MICHELIN 12N16.5 X-Tweel SSL hub design is universal and can be fitted on most skid steer loaders.  It is available in the U.S. and Canada as a no compromise solution for skid steer owners.

Introduced by Michelin in 2005, the Tweel (a tire and wheel assembly) is a single unit replacing the current tire, wheel and valve assembly. It replaces the 23 components of a typical radial tire and is comprised of a rigid hub, connected to a shear band by means of flexible, deformable polyurethane spokes and a tread band, all functioning as a single unit.

“This is a very exciting time for Michelin,” said Tim Fulton, head of Michelin Tweel Technologies. “Michelin captured the fascination of the world with the concept of the Tweel; now landscapers, contractors and other skid steer loader operators will have the opportunity to use this innovative technology in their everyday businesses and experience the advantages first-hand.”

No, this is not a Tweel, it is a solid ire with apertures and as such is still a bottom-loading tire.

No, this is not a Tweel, it is a solid ire with apertures and as such is still a bottom-loading tire.

Skid steer loaders with pneumatic tires typically experience several flat tires per month.  To reduce downtime from flats, many users fill their pneumatic tires with foam or replace them with solid tires, resulting in machines with inadequate traction, handling and ride comfort.

The MICHELIN® X-TWEEL™ SSL solves this problem by delivering no maintenance, no downtime and no compromise.  The TWEEL provides the advantages of no maintenance of air pressure, easy mounting, damage resistance, increased operator comfort, reduced operator fatigue, improved productivity, longer wear life than pneumatic tires, and excellent traction.  The Tweel has years of field testing in the most demanding work site environments.

To learn more about the MICHELIN Skid Steer Tweel, visit (Insert Tweel Promo QR Code)