Tag Archive for 'National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)'

Tom Ewing’s Environmental Update

*   Recall The February 11, 2019, Executive Order on “Maintaining American Leadership in Artificial Intelligence (AI).”  The EO directs the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) to create a plan for Federal engagement in the development of technical standards and related tools in support of “reliable, robust, and trustworthy systems that use AI technologies.” Last week the Department of Commerce published a notice requesting information to help NIST understand the “current state, plans, challenges, and opportunities” regarding the development and availability of AI technical standards and related tools, as well as priority areas for federal involvement in AI standards-related activities. NIST will consult with Federal agencies, the private sector, academia, non-governmental entities, and other stakeholders with interest in and expertise relating to AI. Comments due by May 31.
*  The Chairman of the Council on Environmental Quality (CEQ) issued instructions to Federal agencies for meeting energy and environmental performance requirements “in a manner that increases efficiency, optimizes performance, eliminates unnecessary use of resources, and protects the environment.”  This is required under Executive Order 13834, ‘‘Efficient Federal Operations,’’ signed by President Trump on May 17, 2018. The purpose of the EO is to direct agencies on the management of Federal facilities, vehicles, and operations to achieve statutory requirements while prioritizing actions to reduce waste, cut costs, and enhance the resilience of Federal infrastructure and operations for the effective accomplishment of agency missions.   The Implementing Instructions are available at https://www.sustainability.gov/ resources.html.  About 23 agencies are listed as “Principal and Contributing Agencies.”
*   Here’s an optimistic study: The Federal Aviation Administration will prepare an Environmental Impact Statement to assess the potential impacts of the “proposed LaGuardia Airport (LGA) Access Improvement Project and its enabling projects and connected actions (the proposed action).”  The project would provide for the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey (Port Authority) to construct an elevated automated people mover (APM) to provide direct access between LGA and two existing transit stations at Mets-Willets Point.  Right now, LGA is accessible only by road – really one big road, Grand Central Parkway. FAA writes that “passengers and employees face increasing and unreliable travel times and traffic congestion on off-Airport roadways.” The people-mover would provide air passengers and employees with a “time-certain option” for LGA access and permit the Port Authority to provide adequate employee parking for the geographically constrained airport.  You likely know this but some may find it surprising: FAA says there may be Native American tribes with a historical interest in the area.  Imagine trying to reshape those boundaries and spaces reflective of, what, maybe 1673…?  Comments due by June 17.
Tom Ewing

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Tom Ewing’s Environmental Update

*  The Future: This will happen, one way or another: Quantum information science (QIS) seeks to advance research in the control of atoms and molecules and development of ultra-fast lasers capable of manipulating states of matter.  To advance that research the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) will hold a workshop in October, a follow up to a current request for comments by the Department of Commerce regarding “the broader needs of the industrial community.”  The workshop will support the QIS Interagency Working Group, established in 2014, which includes participants from the Departments of Commerce, Defense, and Energy, the Office of the Director of National Intelligence and the National Science Foundation.  NIST seeks comments on R&D opportunities, support for emerging market areas, identifying barriers to near-term and future applications, and understanding workforce needs.
*  The Future: This could happen: The Federal Rail Administration (FRA) and the Virginia Department of Rail and Public Transportation (DRPT) released the Tier II Draft EIS for the Washington, D.C. to Richmond Southeast High-Speed Rail (DC2RVA) Project.  It’s worth a close look, for many reasons.  One, it’s an important transportation proposal within a very congested highway corridor.  This is a high-speed rail by US standards, not Europe or Japan, which is good because it becomes much more doable where reality (think money) is concerned.  These could be 90 mph trains, plenty of speed for a 123-mile trip. Second, this EIS Summary is a particularly well-done document: clear and straightforward, an excellent compilation of text, charts, and graphics.  Hats off to the team which prepared this summary.  A reader not only can stay awake while reading but she or he comes away with a strong understanding of the project and related benefits and costs.
*  The Future: This won’t happen: Federal Highway, in August, rescinded the Record of Decision (ROD) for a highway project in metropolitan Tacoma (Pierce County), Washington.  This would have been a new arterial highway between SR 7 and I-5, running east to west, south of McChord AFB.  The ROD was published in August 2004 – 13 years ago!  The project has been stalled since 2007 because of public policy, litigation, and transportation demand reasons. Shelf-life: too long.  Now, the ROD is “no longer a valid document without further environmental analysis and review.”  That DC to Richmond project should hold many lessons, for people in many places.
 
Tom Ewing
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513-379-5526 voice/text