Tag Archive for 'transportation'
As the U.S. Interstate Highway System turns 60 years old this week, it faces increasing congestion, unprecedented levels of travel – particularly by large trucks – and insufficient funding to make needed repairs and improvements. The nation’s most critical transportation link continues to save lives with its enhanced safety features and is largely well-preserved, but an aging Interstate system will increasingly require more long-term, costly repairs, according to a new report released today by TRIP, a Washington, DC based national transportation organization.
The TRIP report, “The Interstate Highway System Turns 60: Challenges to Its Ability to Continue to Save Lives, Time and Money” finds that while the Interstate Highway System represents only 2.5 percent of lane miles in the U.S., it carries 25 percent of the nation’s vehicle travel. The system is increasingly congested, with truck travel growing at a rate twice that of overall Interstate travel. And, while the nation’s Interstates tend to be in better condition than other roads and bridges, the aging system lacks the required funding for needed improvements and repairs.
The chart below details the top 10 states whose Interstate systems have the highest levels of congestion, the largest share of large truck travel, the highest increase in travel from 2000-2014, the highest share of pavements in poor and mediocre condition, the highest rate of structurally deficient bridges, and the largest number of lives saved annually. Data for all 50 states can be found in the report’s Appendix.
“Drivers are frustrated with the condition of the nation’s transportation system,” said Jill Ingrassia, AAA’s managing director of government relations and traffic safety advocacy. “While a record 36 million travelers plan to hit the road for Independence Day weekend, nearly 70 percent are concerned that roads and bridges are not in great driving condition. AAA urges lawmakers to keep their eye on the ball to identify a sustainable funding source to maintain and improve our Interstate system for the future.”
The current backlog of needed improvements to the Interstate Highway System, as estimated by the U.S. Department of Transportation, is $189 billion. The nation’s current transportation investment is less than two-thirds (61 percent) of the amount needed to keep Interstates in good condition and make the improvements necessary to meet the nation’s growing need for personal and commercial mobility. And, while the recently enacted federal surface transportation program, the Fixing America’s Surface Transportation (FAST Act) provides a modest increase in spending, it lacks a long-term, sustainable revenue source. By 2020 the shortfall into the nation’s Highway Trust Fund will be $16 billion annually.
“The United States moves in large part thanks to the efforts of many elected officials, organizations and citizens whose shared foresight led to the construction of the national interstate system,” said Bud Wright, executive director of the American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials. “Now, as we commemorate the 60th anniversary of the Interstate act, it’s clear that our investments in preserving the system are not keeping up even as our nation continues to grow.”
Since 2000 travel on the Interstate system is increasing two times faster than new lane capacity is being added. As a result, 43 percent of urban Interstate highways are considered congested during peak hours and the average annual amount of travel per Interstate lane mile increased by 11 percent from 2000 to 2014. Travel by combination trucks on the Interstate increased by 29 percent from 2000 to 2014, more than double the 14 percent rate of growth for all Interstate vehicle travel during the same period.
“It’s hard to believe it’s been 60 years since the Interstate Highway System was developed,” said Ed Mortimer, executive director for transportation infrastructure at the United States Chamber of Commerce. “The vision of President Eisenhower has enabled economic mobility throughout our nation and showed we can accomplish big things. As we work to maintain, and in many cases rebuild this great system, let’s continue to think big as we work to fund and finance an improved, smarter network.”
Travel on the nation’s Interstate highways has surged since 2014. In 2015 vehicle miles of travel on the Interstate Highway System was four percent higher than in 2014 and through the first three months of 2016 travel on the Interstate Highway System was five percent higher than during the first three months of 2015.
The design of the Interstate – which includes a separation from other roads and rail lines, a minimum of four lanes, paved shoulders and median barriers – makes it more than twice as safe to travel on as all other roadways. The fatality rate per 100 million vehicle miles of travel on the Interstate in 2014 was 0.54, compared to 1.26 on non-Interstate routes. TRIP estimates that the Interstate Highway System saved 5,359 lives in 2014, based on an estimate of the number of additional fatalities that would have occurred had Interstate traffic been carried by other major roadways, which often lack the safety features common to Interstate routes.
While the condition of Interstate pavement and bridges is acceptable, some deficiencies exist. Twelve percent of Interstate highways are in poor or mediocre condition. Three percent of Interstate bridges are structurally deficient and an additional 18 percent are functionally obsolete. Structurally deficient bridges have significant deterioration of the major components of the bridge, while functionally obsolete bridges no longer meet modern design standards, often because of narrow lanes, inadequate clearances or poor alignment.
“The long-term vision that helped establish the current Interstate system 60 years ago is needed again today,” said Will Wilkins, TRIP’s executive director. “In order to maintain personal and commercial mobility, transportation investment and a sustainable, long-term funding source for the federal surface transportation program must remain a priority.”
The above highlighted links will take you to the full report, including the executive summary and appendix of supporting charts and graphs.
or you can scan: Trip Report
Roads and bridges that are deficient, congested or lack desirable safety features cost New Jersey motorists a total of $13.1 billion statewide annually – more than $2,600 per driver – due to higher vehicle operating costs, traffic crashes and congestion-related delays. Increased investment in transportation improvements at the local, state and federal levels could relieve traffic congestion, improve road, bridge and transit conditions, boost safety, and support long-term economic growth in New Jersey, according to a new report released today by TRIP, a Washington, DC based national transportation organization.
The TRIP report, “New Jersey Transportation by the Numbers: Meeting the State’s Need for Safe, Smooth and Efficient Mobility,” finds that more than one-third of the state’s major roads are in poor condition and more than one-third of New Jersey’s bridges are structurally deficient or functionally obsolete. The state’s major urban roads are becoming increasingly congested, with drivers facing some of the longest commutes in the nation. And an average of 574 people were killed annually in crashes on New Jersey’s roads from 2010 to 2014.
Driving on deficient roads costs each New Jersey driver $2,626 per year – a total of $13.1 billion statewide- in the form of extra vehicle operating costs (VOC) as a result of driving on roads in need of repair, lost time and fuel due to congestion-related delays, and the costs of traffic crashes in which roadway features likely were a contributing factor. A breakdown of the costs per motorist along with a statewide total is below.
The TRIP report finds that 37 percent of major locally and state-maintained roads in New Jersey are in poor condition and another 41 percent are in mediocre and fair condition. The remaining 22 percent are in good condition. Driving on deteriorated roads costs the average New Jersey motorist an additional $632 each year in extra vehicle operating costs, including accelerated vehicle depreciation, additional repair costs, and increased fuel consumption and tire wear. Statewide vehicle operating costs as a result of rough roads total $3.9 billion annually.
A total of 35 percent of New Jersey’s bridges show significant deterioration or do not meet modern design standards. Nine percent of New Jersey’s bridges are structurally deficient, with significant deterioration to the bridge deck, supports or other major components. An additional 26 percent of the state’s bridges are functionally obsolete, which means they no longer meet modern design standards, often because of narrow lanes, inadequate clearances or poor alignment.
Traffic congestion in New Jersey is worsening, costing the average motorist $1,501 annually in lost time and wasted fuel – a total of $6.2 billion each year. The average daily commute for New Jersey residents is 31 minutes, the third longest nationally, behind only New York and Maryland. The national average is 26 minutes.
“The TRIP report underscores how important renewing the New Jersey Transportation Trust Fund program is to motorists in our state. In the long run, driving on well-maintained roads is far less expensive than paying for needless car repairs, congestion and crashes that result from an underfunded transportation system,” stated Philip Beachem, president of the New Jersey Alliance for Action.
New Jersey’s overall traffic fatality rate of 0.74 fatalities per 100 million vehicle miles of travel is lower than the national average of 1.08. The state’s rural roads have a traffic fatality rate that is more than three times higher than the rate on all other roads in the state (2.10 fatalities per 100 million vehicle miles of travel versus 0.67). TRIP estimates that roadway features may be a contributing factor in approximately one-third of fatal traffic crashes.
The efficiency and condition of New Jersey’s transportation system, particularly its highways, is critical to the health of the state’s economy. Annually, $816 billion in goods are shipped to and from sites in New Jersey, mostly by truck. Seventy-three percent of the goods shipped annually to and from sites in New Jersey are carried by trucks and another 18 percent are carried by courier services or multiple mode deliveries, which include trucking.
“These conditions are only going to get worse if greater funding is not made available at the local, state and federal levels,” said Will Wilkins, TRIP’s executive director. “Without additional transportation funding New Jersey’s transportation system will become increasingly deteriorated and congested, the state will miss out on opportunities for economic growth and quality of life will suffer.”
Ten Key Transportation Numbers in New Jersey
|Driving on deficient roads costs New Jersey motorists a total of $13.1 billion annually in the form of additional vehicle operating costs (VOC), congestion-related delays and traffic crashes.|
|$2,626||TRIP has calculated the cost to the average motorist in New Jersey in the form of additional VOC, congestion-related delays and traffic crashes. The average New Jersey driver loses $2,626 annually as a result of driving on roads that are deteriorated, congested and that lack some desirable safety features.|
|A total of 2,870 people were killed in New Jersey traffic crashes from 2010 to 2014. An average of 574 fatalities occurred annually on New Jersey’s roads in the last five years.|
|3X||The fatality rate on New Jersey’s non-interstate rural roads is more than three times higher than all other roads in the state (2.10 fatalities per 100 million vehicle miles of travel vs. 0.67).|
|37%||Statewide, 37 percent of New Jersey’s major roads are in poor condition. Forty-one percent are in mediocre or fair condition and the remaining 22 percent are in good condition.|
|Annually, $816 billion in goods are shipped to and from sites in New Jersey, mostly by truck.|
|A total of 35 percent of New Jersey bridges show significant deterioration or do not meet current design standards. Nine percent of the state’s bridges are structurally deficient and 26 percent are functionally obsolete.|
$1,501 Per Driver
|The average New Jersey driver loses 64 hours each year stuck in congestion. Congestion related delays cost the state’s drivers a total of $6.2 billion annually, an average of $1,501 per driver.|
$1.00 = $5.20
|The Federal Highway Administration estimates that each dollar spent on road, highway and bridge improvements results in an average benefit of $5.20 in the form of reduced vehicle maintenance costs, reduced delays, reduced fuel consumption, improved safety, reduced road and bridge maintenance costs, and reduced emissions as a result of improved traffic flow.|
|The average daily commute to work for New Jersey residents is 31 minutes, the third longest nationally, behind only New York and Maryland.|
Eight years after the nation suffered a significant economic downturn, New Jersey’s economy continues to rebound. The rate of economic growth in New Jersey, which will be greatly impacted by the reliability and condition of the state’s transportation system, continues to have a significant impact on quality of life in the Garden State.
An efficient, safe and well-maintained transportation system provides economic and social benefits by affording individuals access to employment, housing, healthcare, education, goods and services, recreation, entertainment, family, and social activities. It also provides businesses with access to suppliers, markets and employees, all critical to a business’ level of productivity and ability to expand. Reduced accessibility and mobility – as a result of traffic congestion, a lack of adequate capacity, or deteriorated roads, highways, bridges and transit facilities – diminishes a region’s quality of life by reducing economic productivity and limiting opportunities for economic, health or social transactions and activities.
With an economy based largely on manufacturing, chemical production, agriculture and tourism, the quality of New Jersey’s transportation system plays a vital role in the state’s economic growth and quality of life.
In this report, TRIP looks at the top transportation numbers in New Jersey as the state addresses its need to modernize and maintain its system of roads, highways, bridges and transit.
In December 2015 the president signed into law a long-term federal surface transportation program that includes modest funding increases and allows state and local governments to plan and finance projects with greater certainty through 2020. The Fixing America’s Surface Transportation Act (FAST Act) provides approximately $305 billion for surface transportation with highway and transit funding slated to increase by approximately 15 and 18 percent, respectively, over the five-year duration of the program. While the modest funding increase and certainty provided by the FAST Act are a step in the right direction, the funding falls far short of the level needed to improve conditions and meet the nation’s mobility needs and fails to deliver a sustainable, long-term source of revenue for the federal Highway Trust Fund.
COST TO NEW JERSEY MOTORISTS OF DEFICIENT ROADS
An inadequate transportation system costs New Jersey motorists a total of $13.1 billion every year in the form of additional vehicle operating costs (VOC), congestion-related delays and traffic crashes.
- Driving on rough roads costs all New Jersey motorists a total of $3.9 billion annually in extra vehicle operating costs. Costs include accelerated vehicle depreciation, additional repair costs, and increased fuel consumption and tire wear.
- Traffic crashes in which roadway design was likely a contributing factor cost New Jersey residents a total of $3 billion each year in the form of lost household and workplace productivity, insurance costs and other financial costs.
- Traffic congestion costs New Jersey residents a total of $6.2 billion each year in the form of lost time and wasted fuel.
POPULATION AND ECONOMIC GROWTH IN NEW JERSEY
The rate of population and economic growth in New Jersey have resulted in increased demands on the state’s major roads and highways, leading to increased wear and tear on the transportation system.
- New Jersey’s population reached approximately nine million residents in 2015, a six percent increase since 2000.
- New Jersey had 6.2 million licensed drivers in 2014.
- Vehicle miles traveled (VMT) in New Jersey increased by 11 percent from 2000 to 2014 –from 67.4 billion VMT in 2000 to 74.9 billion VMT in 2014.
- By 2030, vehicle travel in New Jersey is projected to increase by another 10 percent.
NEW JERSEY ROAD CONDITIONS
A lack of adequate state and local funding has resulted in 37 percent of major locally and state-maintained roads and highways in New Jersey having pavement surfaces in poor condition, providing a rough ride and costing motorists in the form of additional vehicle operating costs.
- The pavement data in this report, which is for all arterial and collector roads and highways, is provided by the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA), based on data submitted annually by the New Jersey Department of Transportation (NJDOT) on the condition of major state and locally maintained roads and highways in the state.
- Pavement data for Interstate highways and other principal arterials is collected for all system mileage, whereas pavement data for minor arterial and all collector roads and highways is based on sampling portions of roadways as prescribed by FHWA to insure that the data collected is adequate to provide an accurate assessment of pavement conditions on these roads and highways.
- Statewide, 37 percent of New Jersey’s major locally and state-maintained roads and highways are in poor condition, while 41 percent are in mediocre or fair condition. The remaining 22 percent are in good condition.
- Roads rated in mediocre to poor condition may show signs of deterioration, including rutting, cracks and potholes. In some cases, these roads can be resurfaced, but often are too deteriorated and must be reconstructed.
- Driving on rough roads costs New Jersey motorists a total of $3.9 billion annually in extra vehicle operating costs – approximately $632 per driver each year. Costs include accelerated vehicle depreciation, additional repair costs, and increased fuel consumption and tire wear.
NEW JERSEY BRIDGE CONDITIONS
More than one-third of locally and state-maintained bridges in New Jersey show significant deterioration or do not meet current design standards often because of narrow lanes, inadequate clearances or poor alignment. This includes all bridges that are 20 feet or more in length.
- Nine percent of New Jersey’s bridges are structurally deficient. A bridge is structurally deficient if there is significant deterioration of the bridge deck, supports or other major components. Structurally deficient bridges are often posted for lower weight or closed to traffic, restricting or redirecting large vehicles, including commercial trucks and emergency services vehicles.
- Twenty-six percent of New Jersey’s bridges are functionally obsolete. Bridges that are functionally obsolete no longer meet current highway design standards, often because of narrow lanes, inadequate clearances or poor alignment.
- The chart below details bridge conditions statewide.
HIGHWAY SAFETY AND FATALITY RATES IN NEW JERSEY
Improving safety features on New Jersey’s roads and highways would likely result in a decrease in the state’s traffic fatalities and serious crashes. It is estimated that roadway features are likely a contributing factor in approximately one-third of all fatal and serious traffic crashes.
- A total of 2,870 people were killed in New Jersey traffic crashes from 2010 to 2014.
- New Jersey’s overall traffic fatality rate of 0.74 fatalities per 100 million vehicle miles of travel in 2014 was lower than the national average of 1.08.
- The fatality rate on New Jersey’s non-interstate rural roads in 2014 was more than three times higher than on all other roads in the state (2.10 fatalities per 100 million vehicle miles of travel vs. 0.67).
- Roadway features that impact safety include the number of lanes, lane widths, lighting, lane markings, rumble strips, shoulders, guard rails, other shielding devices, median barriers and intersection design. The cost of serious crashes includes lost productivity, lost earnings, medical costs and emergency services.
- Several factors are associated with vehicle crashes that result in fatalities, including driver behavior, vehicle characteristics and roadway features. TRIP estimates that roadway features are likely a contributing factor in approximately one-third of fatal traffic crashes.
- Where appropriate, highway improvements can reduce traffic fatalities and crashes while improving traffic flow to help relieve congestion. Such improvements include removing or shielding obstacles; adding or improving medians; improved lighting; adding rumble strips, wider lanes, wider and paved shoulders; upgrading roads from two lanes to four lanes; and better road markings and traffic signals.
- Investments in rural traffic safety have been found to result in significant reductions in serious traffic crashes. A 2012 report by the Texas Transportation Institute (TTI) found that improvements completed recently by the Texas Department of Transportation that widened lanes, improved shoulders and made other safety improvements on 1,159 miles of rural state roadways resulted in 133 fewer fatalities on these roads in the first three years after the improvements were completed (as compared to the three years prior). TTI estimates that the improvements on these roads are likely to save 880 lives over the next 20 years.
NEW JERSEY TRAFFIC CONGESTION
Increasing levels of traffic congestion cause significant delays in New Jersey, particularly in its larger urban areas, choking commuting and commerce. Traffic congestion robs commuters of time and money and imposes increased costs on businesses, shippers and manufacturers, which are often passed along to the consumer.
- Based on Texas Transportation Institute (TTI) estimates, the value of lost time and wasted fuel in New Jersey is approximately $6.2 billion per year – $1,501 annually per driver.
- Increasing levels of congestion add significant costs to consumers, transportation companies, manufacturers, distributors and wholesalers and can reduce the attractiveness of a location to a company when considering expansion or where to locate a new facility. Congestion costs can also increase overall operating costs for trucking and shipping companies, leading to revenue losses, lower pay for drivers and employees, and higher consumer costs.
- The average daily commute for New Jersey residents is 31 minutes, the third longest nationally, behind only New York and Maryland. The national average is 26 minutes.
TRANSPORTATION FUNDING IN NEW JERSEY
Investment in New Jersey’s roads, highways and bridges is funded by local, state and federal governments. The recently approved five-year federal surface transportation program includes modest funding increases and provides states with greater funding certainty, but falls far short of providing the level of funding needed to meet the nation’s highway and transit needs. The bill does not include a long-term and sustainable revenue source.
- According to the 2015 AASHTO Transportation Bottom Line Report, a significant boost in investment in the nation’s roads, highways, bridges and public transit systems is needed to improve their condition and to meet the nation’s transportation needs.
- AASHTO’s report found that based on an annual one percent increase in VMT annual investment in the nation’s roads, highways and bridges needs to increase 36 percent, from $88 billion to $120 billion, to improve conditions and meet the nation’s mobility needs, based on an annual one percent rate of vehicle travel growth. Investment in the nation’s public transit system needs to increase from $17 billion to $43 billion.
- The Bottom Line Report found that if the national rate of vehicle travel increased by 1.4 percent per year, the needed annual investment in the nation’s roads, highways and bridges would need to increase by 64 percent to $144 billion. If vehicle travel grows by 1.6 percent annually the needed annual investment in the nation’s roads, highways and bridges would need to increase by 77 percent to $156 billion.
TRANSPORTATION AND ECONOMIC GROWTH IN NEW JERSEY
The efficiency of New Jersey’s transportation system, particularly its highways, is critical to the health of the state’s economy. Businesses rely on an efficient and dependable transportation system to move products and services. A key component in business efficiency and success is the level and ease of access to customers, markets, materials and workers.
- Annually, $816 billion in goods are shipped to and from sites in New Jersey, mostly by truck.
- Seventy-three percent of the goods shipped annually to and from sites in New Jersey are carried by trucks and another 18 percent are carried by courier services or multiple mode deliveries, which include trucking.
- Increasingly, companies are looking at the quality of a region’s transportation system when deciding where to re-locate or expand. Regions with congested or poorly maintained roads may see businesses relocate to areas with a smoother, more efficient and more modern transportation system.
- Highway accessibility was ranked the number two site selection factor behind only the availability of skilled labor in a 2015 survey of corporate executives by Area Development Magazine.
- The Federal Highway Administration estimates that each dollar spent on road, highway and bridge improvements results in an average benefit of $5.20 in the form of reduced vehicle maintenance costs, reduced delays, reduced fuel consumption, improved safety, reduced road and bridge maintenance costs and reduced emissions as a result of improved traffic flow.
Sources of information for this report include the New Jersey Department of Transportation (NJDOT), the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA), the American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials (AASHTO), the Bureau of Transportation Statistics (BTS), the U.S. Census Bureau, the Texas Transportation Institute (TTI) and the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA).
Liebherr leverages the organization’s capabilities and announces the formation of Liebherr USA, Co., a simpler structure with a broader reach.
Liebherr began operation in 1949 with Hans Liebherr and the invention of the TK10, the first mobile tower crane. The company that once employed 110 people and recorded net sales of $ 1.27 million USD in 1950 is now one of the world’s largest and most successful manufacturers of construction and earthmoving machinery employing more than 41,000 people in 50 countries with total sales of $10.3 billion USD in 2015.
Liebherr’s success and expansion in North America followed a similar pattern to its success in Europe and throughout the world. Liebherr’s commitment to the United States market began in 1970 with the construction of its manufacturing facilities and North American headquarters in Newport News, VA. Over the years new companies were formed to fulfill customer needs in different industries.
“As we continue to grow our brand in the United States we are transitioning into a mixed-sales company” said Dr. Torben Reher, Managing Director of Liebherr USA, Co. “We are confident that this new platform will leverage the existing know-how and expertise among Liebherr divisions providing Liebherr business partners and customers with an exceptional and consistent experience in the United States,” Reher continued.
Liebherr USA, Co., the newly formed mixed-sales organization, will serve as the umbrella company and the existing Liebherr sales and service companies will become divisions of Liebherr USA, Co. Excluded are Liebherr-Aerospace Saline, Inc., Liebherr Gear Technology, Inc., Liebherr Automation Systems, Co., and Liebherr Mining Equipment Newport News, Co. However, sales and service for mining equipment in the U.S. will be incorporated into Liebherr USA, Co.
“Liebherr USA, Co. will allow us to approach our customers more efficiently and ultimately increase customer satisfaction in the US.” said, Peter Mayr, Managing Director of Liebherr USA, Co. and Head of the Liebherr Construction Equipment Division.
Liebherr USA, Co. will be organized into eight different divisions as illustrated in the diagram below.
In practical terms, all points of contact and business relationships will remain the same for our business partners and all contracts/programs/arrangements/agreements will remain in effect.
Daniel Pitzer, Managing Director of Liebherr USA, Co. and Head of the Mobile and Crawler Cranes Division, stated, “Liebherr in the United States is an amazing success story that was made possible by our loyal American customers. The formation of Liebherr USA, Co. will elevate our organization to a higher level.” Pitzer ended by saying, “I’m extremely proud and excited for our customers and for Liebherr to ‘Be Part of something BIGGER’ going forward!” making reference to Liebherr’s new company and emphasizing the strong statement Liebherr made earlier this year during Bauma.
The new organization will become effective on June 1, 2016. Liebherr USA, Co. will be led by a team consisting of three managing directors who will be responsible for providing strategic direction.
Effective June 1, 2016 the following companies will be incorporated into Liebherr USA, Co: Liebherr-America, Inc.,(including Tower Cranes, Refrigerators and Freezers), Liebherr Components North America, Co., Liebherr Concrete Technology, Co. Liebherr Construction Equipment, Co., Liebherr Equipment Source, Liebherr Cranes, Inc., Liebherr Mining Equipment Newport News, Co. (Sales & Service in the U.S. only) and Liebherr Nenzing Crane, Co. Excluded are Liebherr-Aerospace Saline, Inc., Liebherr Gear Technology, Inc., Liebherr Automation Systems, Co., and Liebherr Mining Equipment Newport News Co.